5 Tips on How to Write a Speech Essay

When figuring out how to write a speech, the essay form can offer a good foundation for the process. Just like essays, all speeches have three main sections: the introduction, the body, and the conclusion.

However, unlike essays, speeches must be written to be heard as opposed to read. You need to write a speech in a way that keeps the attention of an audience and helps paint a mental image at the same time. This simply means that your speech should contain some color, drama, or humor. It should have “flair.” Several tricks to giving a speech flair include using attention-grabbing anecdotes and examples.

Determine the Types of Speech You're Writing

Student presenting a paper in class.
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Since there are different types of speeches, your attention-grabbing techniques should fit the speech type.

Informative and Instructional speeches inform your audience about a topic, event, or area of knowledge. These can be a how-to on podcasting for teens or a historical report on the Underground Railroad. They also can be related to health and beauty, "How to Shape Perfect Eyebrows," or hobby-related, "Make a Great Bag Out of Old Clothing."​

Persuasive speeches attempt to convince or persuade the audience to join one side of an argument. You might write a speech about a life choice, such as, "Abstinence Can Save Your Life," or getting involved in the community, such as "The Benefits of Volunteering."

Entertaining speeches entertain your audience, and topics may not practical. Perhaps your speech topic could be something like, "Life Is Like a Dirty Dorm," or "Can Potato Peels Predict the Future?"

Special occasion speeches entertain or inform your audience, like graduation speeches and toasts at celebrations.

You can explore the different types of speeches and decide what speech type fits your assignment.

Craft a Creative Speech Introduction

Image created by Grace Fleming for About.com

Grace Fleming, Thoughtco.com

The introduction of the informative speech should contain an attention-grabber, followed by a statement about your topic. It should end with a strong transition into your body section.

As an example, consider a template for an informative speech called "African-American Heroines." The length of your speech will depend on the amount of time you have been allotted to speak.

The red section of the speech in the graphic provides the attention-grabber. It makes the audience member think about what life would be like without civil rights.

The last sentence states directly the purpose of the speech and leads into the speech body, which has more details.

Determine the Flow of the Body of the Speech

Image created by Grace Fleming for About.com

Grace Fleming, Thoughtco.com

The body of your speech can be organized in a number of ways, depending on your topic. Suggested organization patterns are:

  • Chronological: Provides the order of events in time.
  • Spatial: Gives an overview of physical arrangement or design.
  • Topical: Presents information one subject at a time.
  • Causal: Shows cause and effect pattern.

The speech pattern above is topical. The body is divided into sections that address different people (different topics).

Speeches typically include three sections (topics) in the body. This speech would continue to contain a third section about Susie King Taylor.

Writing a Memorable Speech Conclusion

Grace Fleming, Thoughtco.com

The conclusion of your speech should restate the main points you covered in your speech and end with a memorable statement.

In the sample above, the red section restates the overall message you wanted to convey: that the three women you've mentioned had strength and courage, despite the odds they faced.

The quote is an attention-grabber since it is written in colorful language. The blue section ties the entire speech together with a small twist.

Address These Key Objectives

Whatever type of speech you decide to write, you should find ways to make your words memorable. Those elements include:

  • Clever quotes
  • Amusing stories with a purpose
  • Meaningful transitions
  • A good ending

The structure of how to write your speech is just the start. You'll also need to finesse the speech a bit. Start by paying attention to your audience and their interests. Write the words you'll speak with passion and enthusiasm, but you also want your listeners to share that enthusiasm. When writing your attention-grabbing statements, make sure you are writing what will get their attention, not just yours. 

Gain inspiration from others' speeches. Read famous speeches and look at the way those successful speeches are constructed. Find things that stand out and figure out what makes it interesting. Oftentimes, speechwriters use a lot of rhetorical devices to make certain points easy to remember and to emphasize them. ​

Remember to begin and end your speech with something that will gain and hold the attention of your audience. If you spend too much time getting into your speech, people will zone out or start checking their phones. If you get them interested immediately, they will be more likely to stick with you until the end.  

How you deliver the speech is also important. When you give the speech, think about the tone you should use, and be sure to write the speech in the same flow that you'd use in conversations. A great way to check this flow is to practice reading it out loud. If you stumble while reading or it feels monotone, look for ways to jazz up the words and improve the flow.