Times Table Factors: One Through 12

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Using the Times Table to Teach Multiplication

The times table with the products of numbers squared highlighted.

Teaching young students basic multiplication is mostly a game of patience and memory building, which is why times tables like the one on the left are highly useful in aiding students in recalling the products of multiplying numbers one through twelve.

Times tables like these develop first and second-grade students' ability to quickly process simple multiplication, a skill which will be fundamental to their continued studies in mathematics, especially when they begin two- and three-digit multiplication.

In order to ensure students properly learn and memorize times tables, it is important for teachers to instruct them one column at a time, learning all the factors of two before moving on to three, etc.

By then, students should be prepared to take the tests mentioned below, which randomly quiz students on the multiplications of a variety of different combinations of numbers one through 12.

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Proper Order for Teaching Times Tables

Multiplying factors up to 12
A sample test for multiplying factors up to 12. D. Russell

In order for students to properly prepare for 1-minute multiplication quizzes for factors up to 12, teachers should ensure the learner is able to skip count by 2, 5 and 10 and single count past 100 by starting with the 2 times tables and making sure the learner has fluency before moving on.

Scholars on teaching early mathematics typically value the following order when presenting students with the times tables for the first time: Twos, 10s, Fives, Squares (2 x 2, 3 x 3, 4 x 4, etc), Fours, Sixes, and Sevens, and finally Eights and Nines.

Teachers can use these multiplication worksheets which have been developed specifically for this highly recommended strategy, which walks students through the process sequentially by testing their memory of each times table as they learn them individually.

By guiding students through the process of learning the times table one-by-one, teachers are ensuring that each student fully comprehends these fundamental concepts before moving on to more difficult math.

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Memory Challenges: 1-Minute Timetables Tests

Multiplication Facts to 12
Test 2. D.Russell

The following tests, unlike the worksheets mentioned above, challenge students on their complete memory of the full times tables for all values one through 12, in no particular order. Tests like these ensure students have properly retained all products of these low numbers so that they can eventually move on to more challenging two- and three-digit multiplication

Print these PDF quizzes that challenge student's understanding of multiplication facts in the form of a 1-minute test: Quiz 1, Quiz 2, and Quiz 3. By only allowing students one minute to complete these tests, teachers can accurately assess exactly how well each student's memory of the times tables has progressed.

If a student is barely able to answer a row of questions, consider guiding that student through an individual focus on the times tables in the order presented above. Testing the student's memory on each table individually can help the teacher better understand where the student needs the most help.